Transport in Mozambique

According to the World Bank, Mozambique is one of the lowest-ranked countries in terms of infrastructure development, including transport systems. Despite this, transport plays a crucial role in the country’s economy, facilitating the movement of goods and people across the vast geography of Mozambique.

Mozambique’s transport system has faced challenges due to the country’s history of civil war and political instability. As a result, many of the roads, railways, and ports are in need of significant improvement. However, efforts are being made to modernize and expand the transport infrastructure in Mozambique to enhance connectivity and promote economic growth.

One significant development in Mozambique’s transport sector is the Maputo Port Development Company’s expansion of the Maputo Port. This expansion project aims to increase the port’s capacity and efficiency, making it a more attractive option for importers and exporters. Additionally, improvements to the road network, such as the rehabilitation of the N6 highway, are vital for enhancing transport accessibility in the country.

Despite these efforts, Mozambique still faces challenges in terms of transport connectivity, with many rural areas lacking adequate infrastructure. This lack of access to reliable transport systems hinders economic development and limits opportunities for many communities. However, ongoing initiatives and investments are being made to address these issues and improve transport infrastructure throughout the country.

What are the key aspects of Transport in Mozambique?

Transport in Mozambique refers to the various modes of transportation available in the country, including road, rail, air, and water transport. The infrastructure for transportation in Mozambique plays a vital role in connecting different regions of the country and facilitating trade and economic development. To delve deeper into the topic and understand its significance, let’s explore the different aspects of transport in Mozambique in more detail.

Transport in Mozambique

Mozambique, located on the southeastern coast of Africa, has a diverse range of transportation options. The country relies heavily on its transport infrastructure to support economic activities and facilitate the movement of people and goods.

Road Transport

Road transport is the most common mode of transportation in Mozambique, with a network of paved and unpaved roads connecting major cities and remote rural areas. The road network has improved in recent years, but many roads are still in need of maintenance due to the country’s tropical climate and frequent flooding.

  • There are over 30,000 kilometers of roads in Mozambique.
  • The main highways in the country include the EN1 and EN6, connecting major cities like Maputo, Beira, and Nampula.
  • Public transportation options include buses and minibusses, which are often crowded but affordable.

Rail Transport

Mozambique also has a rail network that plays a crucial role in transporting goods, particularly coal and other mining products, from landlocked neighboring countries like Zambia and Zimbabwe to the ports for export. The rail infrastructure is managed by state-owned company CFM (Portos e Caminhos de Ferro de Moçambique).

  • The main railway line in Mozambique is the Sena Line, which connects the coal-rich province of Tete to the port of Beira.
  • CFM also operates the Limpopo and Ressano Garcia lines, connecting Mozambique to Zimbabwe and South Africa, respectively.

Maritime Transport

Given its long coastline along the Indian Ocean, Mozambique has several ports that serve as crucial gateways for international trade. The Port of Maputo is the largest and busiest port in the country, handling a significant portion of Mozambique’s imports and exports. Other important ports include Beira, Nacala, and Quelimane.

  • The Port of Maputo has a natural depth that allows it to accommodate large vessels.
  • Maritime transport is essential for transporting goods to and from neighboring countries and overseas markets.

Air Transport

Air transport in Mozambique is facilitated by several airports, with the main international airport located in the capital city of Maputo. Mozambique’s national airline, LAM Mozambique Airlines, operates domestic and regional flights, connecting major cities within the country and neighboring countries in Southern Africa.

  • Maputo International Airport is the largest airport in Mozambique, handling both domestic and international flights.
  • Other major airports in the country include Beira Airport, Nampula Airport, and Pemba Airport.

Overall, the transport sector in Mozambique plays a vital role in supporting the country’s economy and connecting its population to essential services. As of 2021, Mozambique is continuing to invest in improving its transport infrastructure to enhance connectivity and boost economic growth.

Statistic: According to the World Bank, Mozambique’s road network covers approximately 30,000 kilometers as of 2021.

FAQs for Transport in Mozambique

What are the main modes of transportation in Mozambique?

The main modes of transportation in Mozambique are road, air, rail, and water transport.

Is public transportation readily available in Mozambique?

Yes, public transportation such as buses, minibuses, and taxis is readily available in major cities and towns in Mozambique.

Is it safe to travel by road in Mozambique?

While road conditions vary, it is generally safe to travel by road in Mozambique. However, caution should be taken, especially in rural areas where roads may be unpaved and less maintained.

Are there domestic airlines in Mozambique?

Yes, there are several domestic airlines operating in Mozambique, providing connections between major cities and towns.

Can I rent a car in Mozambique?

Yes, car rental services are available in major cities and towns in Mozambique. It is advisable to rent a 4×4 vehicle if you plan to travel to more remote areas with rough roads.

What are the main ports in Mozambique?

The main ports in Mozambique are the Port of Maputo, the Port of Beira, and the Port of Nacala.

Are there any train services in Mozambique?

Yes, there are train services in Mozambique, with the National Railway Company of Mozambique (CFM) operating passenger and cargo services on various routes.

Do I need a visa to travel to Mozambique?

Most visitors to Mozambique require a visa to enter the country. It is recommended to check with the Mozambican embassy or consulate in your country for the latest visa requirements.

Are there any safety precautions to consider when using public transportation in Mozambique?

When using public transportation in Mozambique, it is advisable to keep an eye on your belongings, be cautious of pickpockets, and avoid travelling at night if possible.

What is the best way to travel between cities in Mozambique?

The best way to travel between cities in Mozambique is by air if you are short on time, or by road if you want to experience the scenic beauty of the country. Trains are also an option for certain routes.


Overall, the transport sector in Mozambique faces numerous challenges, including poor infrastructure, limited access to transportation services, and lack of funding for maintenance and expansion projects. The country heavily relies on road transport, which is often inefficient and unsafe due to road conditions and inadequate regulations. While efforts are being made to improve the situation, such as investments in railway infrastructure and partnerships with international organizations for capacity-building initiatives, there is still much progress to be made.

In conclusion, addressing the issues facing transport in Mozambique will require a multi-faceted approach that involves improving infrastructure, implementing better regulations, and investing in sustainable transportation solutions. By addressing these challenges, Mozambique can unlock its potential for economic growth, improve access to essential services for its population, and pave the way for a more efficient and safe transport system in the future.

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